Professional eye care doctors at Optical Mississauga offer laser eye consultations for patients who want freedom from eye wear. If qualified, patients will no longer need eyeglasses or contact lenses to correct their vision problems. Laser treatment has become quite popular due to their affordability and convenience. Most patients who have successfully undergone the procedure have reported improved vision with no side effects.
For people with blurred vision or minor refractive problems, a laser surgery is typically non-essential. Ophthalmologists would more likely suggest other alternatives; especially for those below 18 years of age. Even with the widespread popularity of laser eye treatments, eyeglasses and contact lenses are still suitable and preferred by over 99% of optical patients.
Types of Laser Eye Surgery
There are only two main categories for laser eye treatment: LASIK (Laser in Situ Keratomileusis) and ASLA (Advanced Surface Laser). Other names might be present in the market but they will still generally fall under these two kinds.
LASIK surgery is the most common; being performed since the mid-1990's. Since then, millions of people have had this procedure and completely eradicated their dependence on eyewear. The entire process is rather quick, involving two steps. Two lasers will be prepared, cutting across the cornea to raise a 'flap' of tissue. This exposed portion is then reshaped using the second laser according to the patient's requirements before the 'flap' is replaced.
Typical LASIK treatments take less than 30 minutes and the patient is free to go home immediately while being accompanied by a friend or family member. A series of medications may be prescribed; along with advice for resting the eyes for a couple of days. The patient must then report to an eye clinic for vision testing. It may take a week or so for some dryness or fluctuations to disappear – but most can drive or return to daily tasks once their vision stabilizes.
ASLA procedures are for folks with irregular corneas. Sometimes, these patients won't even know of their problem until they visit their ophthalmologist. There's not much difference between LASIK and ASLA treatments – only that there is no 'flap' created during the latter. Since patients with thin or irregular corneas doesn't have the option of the 'flap' procedure, their safest bet would be the ASLA method.
In this approach, the eye surgeon would still need to make a cut on the cornea to reshape it; but instead of a 'flap', drops of a special solution is made onto the area to soften the cornea tissue. This makes them easier to remove. Once the corneal bed is visible, the second laser is used to reshape it. A bandage contact lens is then applied to help the healing process.
Which Option to Choose
The choice will be decided mostly by the ophthalmologist since they have the knowledge and expertise. Eye doctors should be fully trained and have background in refractive surgery. This qualifies them to operate on patients with confidence and the utmost sensitivity. Seek the advice of an eye care specialist before deciding on a laser eye treatment.